Tag in HTML

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The `<head>` tag in HTML is used to define the head section of a web page. This section contains meta information and other resources that are necessary for the browser to properly render the page. In this tutorial, we will discuss the `<head>` tag in HTML, its uses, and best practices for using it effectively.

Syntax

The syntax for the `<head>` tag in HTML is as follows:

<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
<meta charset=”UTF-8″>
<meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0″>
<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”style.css”>
<script src=”script.js”></script>
</head>

The `<head>` tag is typically placed immediately after the opening `<html>` tag and before the opening `<body>` tag.

## Elements

There are several elements that can be included within the `<head>` tag:

 `<title>`

The `<title>` tag is used to define the title of the web page. This title is displayed in the browser’s title bar and is used as the default name when the page is bookmarked or saved to favorites. It is also used by search engines when indexing the page.

 `<meta>`

The `<meta>` tag is used to define meta information about the web page, such as the character encoding, viewport settings, author, and description. The most commonly used attributes of the `<meta>` tag are:

– `charset`: Specifies the character encoding used in the web page.
– `name`: Specifies the name of the meta information.
– `content`: Specifies the value of the meta information.

`<link>`

The `<link>` tag is used to link external resources to the web page, such as stylesheets, icons, and other resources. The most commonly used attributes of the `<link>` tag are:

– `rel`: Specifies the relationship between the current document and the linked document.
– `href`: Specifies the URL of the linked document.
– `type`: Specifies the MIME type of the linked document.

Also Read:  small Tag in HTML

`<script>`

The `<script>` tag is used to define JavaScript code that is executed by the browser. The most commonly used attributes of the `<script>` tag are:

– `src`: Specifies the URL of the JavaScript file.
– `type`: Specifies the MIME type of the JavaScript code.

Best Practices

Here are some best practices for using the `<head>` tag effectively:

1. Use a descriptive and concise `<title>`: The `<title>` tag should accurately describe the content of the web page and be concise enough to fit within the browser’s title bar.

2. Define the character encoding: Use the `charset` attribute of the `<meta>` tag to specify the character encoding used in the web page. This ensures that the browser displays the page correctly.

3. Set the viewport: Use the `viewport` meta tag to define the width of the viewport and the initial scale of the page. This ensures that the page is displayed properly on mobile devices.

4. Use external stylesheets and scripts: Use the `<link>` and `<script>` tags to link external stylesheets and scripts to the web page. This separates the presentation and behavior of the page from its content, making it easier to maintain and update.

Example

Here is an example of how to use the `<head>` tag in HTML:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>My Web Page</title>
<meta charset=”UTF-8″>
<meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0″>
<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”style.css”>
<script src=”script.js”></script>
</head>
<body>
<!– Page content goes here –>

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