The `<nav>` tag in HTML is used to define a section of the webpage that contains navigation links to other pages or sections of the same page. The `<nav>` tag should be used for major navigation blocks, such as menus, lists of links, or other types of navigation controls.
Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use the `<nav>` tag in HTML:
1. Start by creating a new HTML file or opening an existing one in a text editor.
2. Begin the navigation section by opening the `<nav>` tag:
3. Inside the `<nav>` tag, create your navigation menu using HTML links. Here’s an example:
<li><a href=”#”>Contact Us</a></li>
In this example, we’ve created an unordered list (`<ul>`) that contains four list items (`<li>`). Each list item contains an HTML link (`<a>`) with a “#” symbol as the href attribute value. The “#” symbol represents the current page or section.
4. Close the `<nav>` tag:
5. Save your HTML file and open it in a web browser to view the navigation menu.
The `<nav>` tag is useful for both accessibility and SEO purposes, as it allows screen readers and search engines to identify the navigation section of your webpage. When using the `<nav>` tag, make sure to only include major navigation blocks and avoid using it for minor navigation elements, such as social media icons or search bars.
In conclusion, the `<nav>` tag is an important HTML element for creating navigation menus on your webpage. By using it properly, you can improve the accessibility and SEO of your website while also providing users with an intuitive way to navigate your content.