The <img> tag is a fundamental element in HTML used for embedding images on a web page. In this tutorial, we will cover the basics of the <img> tag and how to use it effectively.
The syntax for the <img> tag is:
<img src=”image_file_path” alt=”image_description”>
1. src (required): This attribute specifies the path or URL of the image file that you want to display on the web page.
2. alt (optional): This attribute is used to provide an alternative text description of the image if the image is not available or if the user is using a screen reader.
3. width (optional): This attribute is used to specify the width of the image.
4. height (optional): This attribute is used to specify the height of the image.
5. title (optional): This attribute is used to provide additional information about the image when the user hovers over it.
Let’s look at a simple example of using the <img> tag:
<img src=”example.jpg” alt=”Example Image” width=”500″ height=”300″ title=”This is an example image”>
In the example above, we have specified the source file path, alternative text, width, height, and title attributes for the image.
Here are some best practices to keep in mind when using the <img> tag:
1. Always provide alternative text for your images to ensure accessibility for users who may be using a screen reader.
2. Use descriptive filenames for your image files to improve search engine optimization.
3. Always specify the width and height attributes of your images to help the browser display the page faster.
4. Use CSS to control the size of your images instead of relying on the width and height attributes.
we have covered the basics of the <img> tag and how to use it effectively. Remember to always provide alternative text for your images, use descriptive filenames, specify the width and height attributes, and use CSS to control the size of your images. By following these best practices, you can ensure that your images are accessible, search engine friendly, and load quickly on your web pages.